Sustainable mobility is an important element of the energy turnaround. It should help to significantly improve the energy efficiency in the mobility sector and, simultaneously, achieve a substantial reduction in emissions in the globally strongly increasing motorised traffic.
Thus, a reduction of the greenhouse gases can be achieved and a substantial contribution to the realisation of the EU climate targets can be made1.
From an economic point of view, the different future technologies offer opportunities for new developments in the new federal states of Germany for the industry and make it possible to combine modern mobility concepts with environmental sustainability in the urban and rural areas.
Here, the approaches for the better environmental compatibility of the products in this lead market focus on the following approaches:
- Technologies which can largely replace the conventional fuels
- Material, drive and design developments
- Intelligent traffic and fleet management
This way, environment-friendly improvements in vehicle construction are achieved, e.g. by lighter bodies and recyclable components. Thus, the starting point for sustainable and environment-friendly vehicles is created with alternative fuels and drive technologies.
Example: By using natural gas (CNG) in a conventional spark-ignition engine, a number of advantages compared to conventional fuels is achieved.
Thus, it is possible to achieve a substantial reduction of the nitrogen oxides by approx. 70 %, of the CO2 emissions with approx. 25 % and even up to 99 % less particulate emissions2.
In contrast, the electric mobility in the drive technology provides the cleanest and the most effectively resource-saving mobility solution. No combustion process takes place in the electric motor. Thus, no pollutants are emitted and no noise is generated. Furthermore, electric vehicles will play an important role when designing future smart grids as they will be increasingly needed for the intermediate storage of electricity from renewable sources.
However, for a successful, full-scale launch and distribution of sustainably designed vehicles, the adequate infrastructure is required. This includes, among other things, the refilling or charging with sustainable sources of energy such as electricity, natural gas, biodiesel and a development of the transport network (as appropriate).
In accordance with EU targets3, an intelligent traffic control or vehicle networking should also contribute to achieving a better energy efficiency and an environment-friendly and safe mobility sector.
The new developments and the implementations from the present areas of application in connection with new information and communication technologies constitute the starting point for the development of sustainable mobility concepts. They constitute the fourth area of application of the lead market. Examples include: Car sharing offers, networking and timing of offers for rail and buses. They reduce the travelling costs, the travelling time, the traffic volume, the energy consumption and the number of end-of-life vehicles.
More information about the Cleantech-lead market sustainable mobility: